George Catlett Marshall, was born on December 31st,1880, in Uniontown, he went to the Virginia Military Institute, and graduated in 1901, and he was a senior first captain of the Corps of Cadets. When the United States entered the First World War, Marshall helped train troops in the United States, then he was appointed to the General Staff, and sent to Europe, with the First Infantry Division. He worked along side generals, like General Pershing, and he got to help plan out U.S. attacks, like the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, after World War One, he served in China in the mid-1920s. In 1939, he was given the rank of General, and he was named Army Chief of Staff, by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
In 1944, he was promoted to a 5-Star General, when Congress created the rank, and he was in charge of the whole U.S. Army. After the attack on Pearl Harbor, he became responsible for supplying, and deploying over eight million soldiers. Marshall was also a supervisor of the atomic studies. Marshall had men like, General Douglas MacArthur, and General Dwight Eisenhower, underneath him, when World War Two was raging. After the Second World War, Marshall was the Secretary of State for two years. When the Korean War broke out, Marshall also served as the Secretary of Defense. He is the only person that has served in three of the highest positions in United States.
In 1953, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, for proposing the European Recovery Act (The Marshall Plan) to help bring up Europe’s economy from World War Two. Marshall was a major figure in the United States for nearly 20 years, and he is an admired person today. There is even a museum in Lexington, Virginia, that is about George Marshall, and what he accomplished. Marshall is a hometown hero, make sure you check out the little display of Marshall in the main hallway of the high school. You can find more information about Marshall, on www.marshallfoundation.org.
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